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A healthy Koi fish habitat is crucial for the survival of your little fish friends

Koi fish are commonly known to be Japanese Carp fish, being colorful with never ending patterns. Koi fish are able to deal with various weather conditions making them an ideal pond pet.

Maintaining koi fish

Your Koi fish pond should have a balanced ecosystem between plants and Koi fish. Plants add a good source of oxygen for Koi fish but should not be overdone, which could be harmful to fish. A Koi fish pond needs at least 200 gallons of pond water per fish. When cleaning a Koi fish pond water filter-system is key. A good water filter system will remove waste products including dirt, organic matter and other pollutants to keep Koi fish healthy and happy. Maintaining clean water will deter pathogens from harming the Koi fish habitat. Clean water test kits are available to check water cleanliness and uncover possible disease situations for Koi fish. A good oxygen supply from a tank or a waterfall system are preventive measures for keeping Koi healthy and happy.

Koi fish eat plants, which should be an essential part of your Koi fishpond. Do not overcrowd your pond with too many fish because a lack of oxygen can cause fish to die or become unhealthy. As with any pet or living organism, an unhealthy Koi fish can cause health problems for other Koi fish. Feeding time for Koi fish is an opportune moment to inspect fish for any abnormal behavior or appearance. Routine maintenance for a Koi fish should be frequent. Spring and winter seasons are especially important to Koi fishpond cleanliness and healthy fish.

Seasonal maintenance

Winter maintenance will vary according to geographical climates. In cold climates, the preparations will include removing all organic materials and leaves from the pond. If you have any tropical plants decorating the pond then they will need to be removed and stored indoors. Koi fish can be left in the pond throughout the winter months, however, where winters are more severe the Koi fish will need to be moved inside. A serious problem that can occur in cold climates is the reduced oxygen during the winter months, which can make difficult conditions for Koi fish to survive. If freezing occurs, covering your pond with plastic sheeting, hay or another material, which will help keep Koi fish comfortable. If severe winter conditions occur install a small pool heater or a de-icing heater.

To inquire about maintaining a Koi fish pond in winter climates contact a local garden center, pet store or Koi fish breeder for recommendations for winterizing your pond. In geographical locations that experience mild winters, Koi fish will be fine. Koi fish will hibernate during winter months when their water drops. Feeding Koi fish at this time should be reduced. When temperatures do fall, Koi fish will stay in the deeper areas of the pond. Do check with Koi fish retailers about the frequency of feeding during the winter months because it will vary.

Koi fish food

Koi fish will eat many items including table scraps, insects, worms, snails and algae. If pond water does not get too cold or too hot, a Koi fish will be a consistent, healthy eater. When Koi fish refuse food that is a signal for stress, injury or illness and should not be ignored. Koi fish need fat and protein to maintain their health and grow. Fish pellets are a good source for Koi fish containing a balanced mix of nutrients according to the age and species of the fish. For information on Koi fish food contact your Koi fish breeder, garden center or pet store.

Koi fish will swim toward you and can be tamed to eat from your hand. With water temperatures of at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit, the fish should remain active and hungry, but avoid feeding them in cold water, in which their digestion slows down and eating may cause them harm. Koi fish are decorative and create an exciting outdoor habitat that is educational and enjoyable. Known to live more than 40 years, Koi fish can easily become family pets and a beautiful part of anyone’s outdoor home environment.